Agile Methodologies - Picking the Appropriate One for Your Team

Discussing different Agile methodologies and how to determine which one is right for your team.

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Here in this article I list down different Agile methodologies and their situation fit use cases

Software development has become a changed venture since agile methodologies came to being, making it more flexible, efficient and ever-improving. As a fresh project manager in your career, having the knowledge of these methodologies and finding out which suits your team well has a big influence on the success of your projects. This article will discuss various Agile methodologies and how you can determine which one is most suitable for your team.


Scrum is one of the most well-known Agile methodologies, providing a structured approach with clearly defined roles. In Scrum, roles are divided in the following manner:

Product Owner

  • Defining product backlog and prioritizing tasks.

Scrum Master

  • Facilitating scrum ceremonies and eliminating impediments.

Development Team

  • Working together to produce product increments.

Scrum Ceremonies

Sprint Planning

  • Setting goals for the upcoming sprint.

Daily Stand-ups

  • Brief daily meetings that update status and discuss any issues or obstacles.

Sprint Review

  • Demonstrating what was done over the sprint.

Sprint Retrospective

  • Reflecting on the sprint to improve future performance.

Scrum works best with people who enjoy working within a structured environment where roles are clear and responsibilities can be assigned.


Flow and efficiency are the main concerns in Kanban. It often employs a board with columns representing various kinds of work (e.g., To Do, In Progress, Done).

Important Practices in Kanban

  • Visualizing Work: Ensuring that all tasks can be seen by everyone on the team.
  • Limiting Work in Progress (WIP): Minimizing multitasking and increasing concentration.
  • Managing Flow: Ensuring that tasks move smoothly through the system.
  • Continuous Improvement: Regularly reviewing and improving processes associated with it.

Kanban is suitable for teams requiring flexibility as well as visible representation of their work to facilitate effective control over ongoing operations and improvement of process efficiency.


Designed to deliver value by seeking to eliminate waste and improve processes, the Lean methodology encompasses several fundamental principles.

Fundamental Principles of Lean

  • Focusing on What the Customer Values: The customer knows what he/she values.
  • Stream Value: Mapping in detail every step in the sequence and removing any non-value-adding activity.
  • Flow: Ensuring seamless, continuous flow of the process.
  • Pull: Making only what is needed, when it is needed.
  • Perfection: Seeking quality improvement relentlessly.

Lean is great for teams who want to drastically improve their processes and remove any waste.

XP (Extreme Programming)

Extreme Programming (XP) excels in technical mastery and customer satisfaction. Key practices in XP include:

Key Practices in XP

  • Pair Programming: Two developers work on a single workstation.
  • Test-Driven Development (TDD): Writing tests before code to cover the required functionality.
  • Continuous Integration: Continuously integrating and testing the code as team members commit their code.
  • Customer Collaboration: Regular collaboration with the customer to ensure that the product aligns with their needs.

XP is well suited to teams that are focused on code quality and customer involvement. XP supports a culture of innovation and continuous improvement.

Hybrid Approaches

One size does not fit all, and you may find that one methodology will not work for all of your teams. Hybrid methodologies, as the name implies, combine elements from one or more of the above methodologies to tailor themselves to the needs of the project at hand. For instance, you may follow Scrum ceremonies and roles but include Kanban for visual workflow management.

Hybrids are useful where teams have tasks or projects that follow one methodology while others follow another.

By understanding the strengths and weaknesses of each Agile methodology, you can select the one that best fits your team's workflow and project requirements.